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  1. Siriwut, W., Jeratthitikul, E., Panha, S., Chanabun, R., Ngor, P. B., and Sutcharit, C. (2021) Evidence of cryptic diversity in freshwater Macrobrachium prawns from Indochinese riverine systems revealed by DNA barcode, species delimitation and phylogenetic approaches. PLoS One 16, e0252546. 10.1371/journal.pone.025254
  2. Skantar, A. M., Handoo, Z. A., Kantor, M. R., et al. (2021) First report of Cactodera milleri Graney and Bird, 1990 from Colorado and Minnesota. J Nematol 5310.21307/jofnem-2021-017
  3. Slavenko, A., Tamar, K., Tallowin, O. J. S., Kraus, F., Allison, A., Carranza, S., and Meiri, S. (2021) Revision of the montane New Guinean skink genus Lobulia (Squamata: Scincidae), with the description of four new genera and nine new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab052
  4. Slechtova, V., Musilova, Z., Tan, H. H., Kottelat, M., and Bohlen, J. (2021) One northward, one southward: Contrasting biogeographical history in two benthic freshwater fish genera across Southeast Asia (Teleostei: Cobitoidea: Nemacheilus, Pangio). Mol Phylogenet Evol 161, 107139. 10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107139
  5. Smart, U., Ingrasci, M. J., Sarker, G. C., Lalremsanga, H. et al. (2021) A comprehensive appraisal of evolutionary diversity in venomous Asian coralsnakes of the genus Sinomicrurus (Serpentes: Elapidae) using Bayesian coalescent inference and supervised machine learning. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 59, 2212-2277. 10.1111/jzs.12547
  6. Šmíd, J., Aghová, T., Velenská, D., Moravec, J., Balej, et al. (2021) Quaternary range dynamics and taxonomy of the Mediterranean collared dwarf racer, Platyceps collaris (Squamata: Colubridae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
  7. Šmíd, J., Sindaco, R., Shobrak, M., Busais, S., Tamar, K., Aghová, T., Simó‐Riudalbas, M., Tarroso, P., Geniez, P., Crochet, P. A., Els, J., Burriel‐Carranza, B., Tejero‐Cicuéndez, H., and Carranza, S. (2021) Diversity patterns and evolutionary history of Arabian squamates. Journal of Biogeography 48, 1183-1199. 10.1111/jbi.14070
  8. Smid, J., Uvizl, M., Shobrak, M., Salim, A. F. A., AlGethami, R. H. M., Algethami, A. R., Alanazi, A. S. K., Alsubaie, S. D., Busais, S., and Carranza, S. (2021) Swimming through the sands of the Sahara and Arabian deserts: Phylogeny of sandfish skinks (Scincidae, Scincus) reveals a recent and rapid diversification. Mol Phylogenet Evol 155, 107012. 10.1016/j.ympev.2020.107012
  9. Smidt, E. C., Salazar, G. A., Mauad, A. V. S. R., Engels, M. E., Viruel, J., Clements, M., Pérez, I. J., and Chase, M. W. (2021) An Indomalesian origin in the Miocene for the diphyletic New World jewel orchids (Goodyerinae, Orchidoideae): molecular dating and biogeographic analyses document non-monophyly of the Neotropical genera. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
  10. Smissen, R. D., Heenan, P. B., and Maurin, K. J. L. (2021) New Zealand endemic Neomyrtus is sister to New Caledonian endemic Myrtastrum (Myrtaceae, Myrteae). New Zealand Journal of Botany, 1-14. 10.1080/0028825x.2021.1965629
  11. Smith, A. D., Kaminski, M. J., Kanda, K., Sweet, A. D., Betancourt, J. L., Holmgren, C. A., Hempel, E., Alberti, F., and Hofreiter, M. (2021) Recovery and analysis of ancient beetle DNA from subfossil packrat middens using high-throughput sequencing. Sci Rep 11, 12635. 10.1038/s41598-021-91896-8
  12. Smith, G. B., Mitchell, A., and Molero-BaltanÁS, R. (2021) Molecular and morphological studies identify a new genus within the Heterolepismatinae (Zygentoma: Lepismatidae). Zootaxa 5030, 1-118. 10.11646/zootaxa.5030.1.1
  13. Smith, J., Jowers, M. J., Auguste, R. J., Hoskisson, P., Beyts, C., Muir, G. M., Greener, M. S., Thornham, D., Byrne, I., Lehtinen, R., Eyre, M., Rutherford, M. G., Murphy, J. C., De Freitas, M., Rivas, G. A., and Downie, J. R. (2021) The distribution and conservation status of the Dwarf Marsupial Frog (Flectonotus fitzgeraldi, Anura, Hemiphractidae) in Trinidad, Tobago, and Venezuela. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15, 36-56. .
  14. Soares, G. B., Domingues, M. V., and Adriano, E. A. (2021) Morphological and molecular characterization of Udonella brasiliensis n. sp. (Monogenoidea), an epibiont on Caligus sp. parasite of Ariidae from the southeastern coast of Brazil. Parasitol Int 83, 102371. 10.1016/j.parint.2021.102371.
  15. Soares, G. B., Domingues, M. V., and Adriano, E. A. (2021) An integrative taxonomic study of Susanlimocotyle narina n. gen. n. sp. (Monogenoidea, Dactylogyridae) from the nasal cavities of a marine catfish (Siluriformes, Ariidae) from the Atlantic Amazon Coast of Brazil and new molecular data of Chauhanellus spp. Parasitol Int 81, 102271. 10.1016/j.parint.2020.102271
  16. Šobánová, A., and Duriš, Z. (2021) Unexpected diversity in the sponge-associated shrimps Onycocaridella Bruce, 1981 (Crustacea : Decapoda : Palaemonidae) revealed by bulk collecting techniques and molecular tools. Invertebrate Systematics 35, 361-393. 10.1071/is20052
  17. Sokolov, S., Shchenkov, S., Gordeev, I., and Ryazanova, T. (2021) Description of a metacercaria of a zoogonid trematode Steganoderma cf. eamiqtrema Blend and Racz, 2020 (Microphalloidea: Zoogonidae), with notes on the phylogenetic position of the genus Steganoderma Stafford, 1904, and resurrection of the subfamily Lecithostaphylinae Odhner, 1911. Parasitol Res 120, 1669-1676. 10.1007/s00436-021-07151-6
  18. Sokolov, S. G., Shchenkov, S. V., and Gordeev, I. I. (2021) A phylogenetic assessment of Pronoprymna spp. (Digenea: Faustulidae) and Pacific and Antarctic representatives of the genus Steringophorus Odhner, 1905 (Digenea: Fellodistomidae), with description of a new species. Journal of Natural History 55, 867-887. 10.1080/00222933.2021.1923852
  19. Sokolova, A. M., Aksenova, O. V., Bespalaya, Y. V., Gofarov, M. Y., Kondakov, A. V., Konopleva, E. S., Tomilova, A. A., Travina, O. V., Tanmuangpak, K., Tumpeesuwan, S., Vikhrev, I. V., and Bolotov, I. N. (2021) Integrative taxonomy and biogeographic affinities of the first freshwater sponge and mollusc association discovered in tropical Asia. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 59, 1167-1189. 10.1111/jzs.12504
  20. Sola, K., Dean, G. H., Li, Y., Lohmann, J., Movahedan, M., Gilchrist, E. J., Adams, K. L., and Haughn, G. W. (2021) Expression Patterns and Functional Characterisation of Arabidopsis GALACTOSE OXIDASE-LIKE (GOXL) Genes Suggest Specialised Roles for Galactose Oxidases in Plants. Plant Cell Physiol 10.1093/pcp/pcab073
  21. Soler-Zamora, C., Gonzalez-Miguens, R., Guillen-Oterino, A., and Lara, E. (2021) Arcellinida testate amoebae as climate miner's canaries in Southern Spain. Eur J Protistol 81, 125828. 10.1016/j.ejop.2021.125828
  22. Solorzano-Garcia, B., Vazquez-Dominguez, E., Perez-Ponce de Leon, G., and Pinero, D. (2021) Co-structure analysis and genetic associations reveal insights into pinworms (Trypanoxyuris) and primates (Alouatta palliata) microevolutionary dynamics. Bmc Ecology and Evolution 2110.1186/s12862-021-01924-4
  23. Solórzano‐García, B., Zubillaga, D., Piñero, D., and Vázquez‐Domínguez, E. (2021) Conservation implications of living in forest remnants: Inbreeding and genetic structure of the northernmost mantled howler monkeys. Biotropica 53, 1163-1177. 10.1111/btp.12958
  24. Sommai, S., Khamsuntorn, P., Somrithipol, S., Luangsa-ard, J. J., and Pinruan, U. (2021) Phallus chiangmaiensis sp. nov. and a Record of P. merulinus in Thailand. Mycobiology, 1-15. 10.1080/12298093.2021.1965706
  25. Somoza-Valdeolmillos, E., Vázquez-Sanz, J., Gómez-Moliner, B. J., Caro, A., and Madeira, M. J. (2021) Phylogenetic study and taxonomic update of Chondrina (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Chondrinidae) in the Cantabrian Mountain region (Iberian Peninsula). Systematics and Biodiversity 19, 218-236. 10.1080/14772000.2021.1877843
  26. Sonalio, K., Perles, L., Gatto, I. R. H., do Amaral, R. B. et al. (2021) Genetic diversity of emerging hemotropic mycoplasmas in domestic pigs from Brazil. Transbound Emerg Dis 68, 1162-1174. 10.1111/tbed.13767
  27. Song, N., Zhai, Q., and Zhang, Y. (2021) Higher-level phylogenetic relationships of rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) inferred from mitochondrial genome sequences. Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 32, 98-105. 10.1080/24701394.2021.1882444
  28. Song, W., Xu, D., Chen, X., Warren, A., Shin, M. K., Song, W., and Li, L. (2021) Overview of the Diversity, Phylogeny and Biogeography of Strombidiid Oligotrich Ciliates (Protista, Ciliophora), With a Brief Revision and a Key to the Known Genera. Frontiers in Microbiology 1210.3389/fmicb.2021.700940
  29. Song, W., Zhang, T., Zhang, X., Warren, A., Song, W., Zhao, Y., and Luo, X. (2021) Taxonomy, Ontogenesis and Evolutionary Relationships of the Algae-Bearing Ciliate Bourlandella viridis (Kahl, 1932) comb. nov., With Establishment of a New Genus and New Family (Protista, Ciliophora, Hypotrichia). Frontiers in Microbiology 1110.3389/fmicb.2020.560915
  30. Sooriyapathirana, S., Ranaweera, L. T., Jayarathne, H. S. M., Gayathree, T. H. I. et al. (2021) Photosynthetic Phenomics of Field- and Greenhouse-Grown Amaranths vs. Sensory and Species Delimits. Plant Phenomics 2021, 2539380. 10.34133/2021/2539380
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  32. Spetter, M. J., Louge Uriarte, E. L., Verna, A. E., Leunda, M. R. et al. (2021) Genomic diversity and phylodynamic of bovine viral diarrhea virus in Argentina. Infect Genet Evol 96, 105089. 10.1016/j.meegid.2021.105089
  33. Spitsyn, V. M., Bolotov, I. N., Kondakov, A. V., et al. (2021) A new Norwegian Lemming subspecies from Novaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia. Ecologica Montenegrina 40, 93-117.
  34. Spitsyn, V. M., Kondakov, A. V., Froufe, E., Gofarov, M. Y. et al. (2021) Complete mitochondrial genome of an Arctic Collared Lemming subspecies endemic to the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, Russia. Ecologica Montenegrina 40, 133-139.
  35. Stadnik, A., Caldas, D. K. D., Souza, M. C., Lucas, E. J., Baumgratz, J. F. A., and Roque, N. (2021) Systematics studies in Pliniinae (Myrtaceae) necessitate two new combinations in Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Phytotaxa 508, 155-165. 10.11646/phytotaxa.508.2.4
  36. Stahlavsky, F., Kovarik, F., Stockmann, M., and Opatova, V. (2021) Karyotype evolution and preliminary molecular assessment of genera in the family Scorpiopidae (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Zoology (Jena) 144, 125882. 10.1016/j.zool.2020.125882
  37. Starr, E. P., Shi, S., Blazewicz, S. J., Koch, B. J., et al. (2021) Stable-Isotope-Informed, Genome-Resolved Metagenomics Uncovers Potential Cross-Kingdom Interactions in Rhizosphere Soil. Msphere 610.1128/mSphere.00085-21
  38. Starr, J. R., Jiménez‐Mejías, P., Zuntini, A. R., Léveillé‐Bourret, É. et al. (2021) Targeted sequencing supports morphology and embryo features in resolving the classification of Cyperaceae tribe Fuireneae s.l. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 59, 809-832. 10.1111/jse.12721
  39. Stec, D., Vecchi, M., Calhim, S., and Michalczyk, L. (2021) New multilocus phylogeny reorganises the family Macrobiotidae (Eutardigrada) and unveils complex morphological evolution of the Macrobiotus hufelandi group. Mol Phylogenet Evol 160, 106987. 10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106987
  40. Stec, D., Vecchi, M., Dudziak, M., Bartels, P. J., Calhim, S., and Michalczyk, L. (2021) Integrative taxonomy resolves species identities within the Macrobiotus pallarii complex (Eutardigrada: Macrobiotidae). Zoological Lett 7, 9. 10.1186/s40851-021-00176-w
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